Domandone: How to add a Static Route (persistent) in Sun Solaris

To add a Static Route in Sun Solaris operating system, you can use the route command. This will dynamically update the Kernel IP Routing table. However, when a server is restarted, these routes will be lost. To prevent this from happening, add a startup script S76static-routes with all the route commands for the static route that needs to persist. This will ensure that the route gets added at boot time.

To use the route command,

Syntax:

# route add [net|host] <Addr> netmask <Mask> [GatewayAddr|-interface ] <metric>

Example:

Add a network

# route add net 10.10.10.0 netmask 255.255.255.0 192.168.1.1 1

same as

# route add 10.10.10.0/24 192.168.1.1 1

Add a host

# route add host 1.1.1.1 netmask 255.255.255.0 192.168.1.1 1

same as

# route add 1.1.1.1/24 192.168.1.1 1

To route the traffic through an interface instead of an IP Gateway

# route add 1.1.1.1/24 -interface hme0

To check that the roots are added to Kernel IP Routing table,

# netstat -rn

Routing Table: IPv4
Destination           Gateway           Flags  Ref   Use   Interface
——————– ——————– —– —– —— ———
192.168.1.0          192.168.1.1        U         1    273  hme0
224.0.0.0            192.168.1.1         U         1      0   hme0
default              192.168.1.1          UG        1    196

Static Routes at boot time

To make the routes available at boot time so the next time when the server reboots, the routes are still available. Add a startup script named as

/etc/rc2.d/S76static-routes

and add the required route commands as above.

Change the permissions for the file so that the file is executable by root.

# chmod 744 /etc/rc2.d/S76static-routes

This should help.

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